給小兒上的第一堂國民教育課

日前小兒問我:「香港是否中國一部份?」……我就知道,這一天終於來了。或許早了一點,但有些事情,你不趁早講,對家就會搶去話語權。於是我這樣回應:

無錯,香港的確係中國一部份,no doubt about that!但以前不是的。很久以前,遙遠的英國和中國打扙(我補充一句,以前的人好鐘意打交,打贏有獎,打輸要罰),中國輸了,英國有兩份獎品,一是香港,一是賠償,即係錢。然後我畫了一幅地圖……

香港分開三部份,港島,即媽媽返工的地方;九龍,即你返學的地方;還有新界,即我們居住的地方。英國搶走了港島和九龍,永遠割讓,但新界是租出去,租九十九年,一九九七年要還給中國,那一年,你還未出世。

NT

臨近九七,英國和中國講數,想續租,中國拒絕,一定要收回香港。如果新界歸還中國,那九龍和港島如何自處?等於有人搶走了我們的客廳,順便租了我們的廁所,為期一個月,到期後,我們不續租,那個人可以點呢?他當然可以繼續在客廳住,但人有三急如何解決?無辦法,獨霸客廳難以久住,唯有放棄。香港的情況亦如此,英國無奈放棄了九龍和港島,連同新界一次過歸還中國,從此無拖無欠。

hand over

那英國是好人還是壞人?很難說。當年打中國,迫割地賠款,當然是壞人(錯有錯著,這是後話了)。但他們搶走香港後,用心管治,教好香港人,卻是功德無量。舉個例,以前我們隨地掉垃圾,英國人軟硬兼施,又教育又嚴懲,令香港人從此戒掉亂掉垃圾的惡習。為加強說服力,我開youtube給小兒看當年的宣傳片,邊看邊旁白:「嘩,你睇下果條垃圾蟲幾衰格,搞到啲地方污糟躐蹋,人見人憎,快啲搵差人叔叔拉佢呀!」

與此同時,中國政府(我無說共產黨,小兒不會明白,我亦懶得解釋)壞事做盡,例如餓死好多中國人。「點餓死法?」小兒問。因為政府叫耕田的人不要耕田,去做其他事,無人耕田,無糧食,自然餓死人了。還有,政府鼓勵人民打交,甚至打老師、打父母……阿仔面露驚訝神色。我解釋:「中國政府以前黐咗線,自己黐唔夠,仲要迫人民同佢地一齊黐。」我又開youtube給小兒看看當年紅衛兵是何等黐線。

red guard

那時候,有好多中國人覺得你打我我打你好恐佈,因為不知自己何時被人打死(或餓死),所以他們都想偷渡來香港,因為香港被英國管治,管得幾好,至少香港人不會像野獸見人就殺。但中國政府禁止人民逃走,英國政府又擔心太多中國人走來會吃不消,於是大家都在邊境建了一層層的鐵絲網。我拿電話出來給小兒看我上次在蛇嶺行山時影的相,山上有很多鐵絲網,像萬里長城把整座山圍起來。

因為中國政府管不好人民,等於父母不懂教仔,所以好多中國人都無家教,例如嘈喧巴閉、亂掉垃圾、打尖插隊、偷呃拐騙。我在網上找了一些大陸垃圾沙灘和「中國式排隊」(人貼人,以防插隊)的相給他看,讓他開開眼界。

rubbish beach  chi na queue 2

然後我問:「你平時在香港有無見過這樣的情景?」答案當然是無。我為求客觀中立,補了一句,不是所有中國人都會這樣,但會這樣的中國人,亦為數不少。

此時,我鼓起最大的勇氣,揜住良心說了這句話:「其實中國政府已經改善咗好多,起碼佢無再叫人打老師打父母,但有啲衰野仲未改到。」阿仔問是甚麼呢?例如小氣啦,誰敢罵政府,就拉誰坐監!他們又成日講大話,隱惡揚善,兼自私自利,為了賺錢發展經濟,污染環境也在所不惜,你看香港天色經常灰矇矇,點解?因為污染物由中國吹來。

dirty

我跟小兒說,你年紀還小,上述事情,原本不應該跟你說,但爸爸不想你錯信中國政府的大話,所以我要和你講真相。爸爸以前讀歷史,你看爸爸的書櫃,都是歷史,爸爸不會騙你。中國政府係壞人,雖然不及以前這麼壞,但依然是壞人。香港被他們管治,好無奈亦無辦法,這個世界就是這樣的,一如有些小朋友被他們的父母整天打罵,好淒慘,也是無辦法。我們住在香港,而香港又屬於中國的一部份,無得揀也無得走,我們只可以跟這個壞蛋中國政府保持距離。

阿仔問何如保持距離?我說,首先,我們要謹記香港人的身份,香港人知書識禮守規矩,不要亂掉垃圾,不要隨地踎,要講廣東話,寫正體字,最重要係寫雞翼,不要寫雞翅膀,要寫雪糕,不要寫冰淇淋。做回昔日英國政府管治下的香港人會做的事,這就是跟中國政府保持距離的第一步。

至於第二步,我遲一點再教你。

沒有期待的童年

早前在youtube看過一段片,外國有個小女孩(大概四、五歲)第一次搭火車,她在月台上望到列車從遠處駛來,手舞足蹈,非常雀躍,感覺好像大人見到外星人降臨或教徒見到耶穌顯靈般興奮。今時今日,這樣的孩子還有多少呢?

犬兒三歲,我們一家三口首次去北海道旅行,之後年年如是,不是日本便是台灣,上天下海樣樣齊,現在,犬兒早已視出外旅行如郊外遠足般尋常,不再為搭飛機而滿心期待。反觀佢老豆即係我,廿幾歲仔先第一次去日本,那種未出發先興奮的心情,相信犬兒難有體會。

媽媽為了省時間,多坐的士或叫UBER,令阿仔習慣了舒適。有時媽媽不在,他和孤寒老豆即係我一齊等巴士,等到不耐煩,便會叫我改坐的士,每次我都會說:「的士好貴,我無錢,不如你畀錢。」然後,就沒有然後了,大家一齊繼續等巴士。

我有不少朋友都會買迪士尼年卡,一有空就和孩子去玩,一年去十次八次是等閒事,但我們小時候去海洋公園係一件大事,可能兩三年才去一次,或慶生,或功課一百分,我們都滿心期待。但現在的小朋友還會期待嗎?

再講聖誕禮物,曾幾何時也是令人望穿秋水的。因為家貧,父母好少買玩具給我,通常聖誕才買,然後說是聖誕老人送的,於是我由年頭期待到年尾,就係等這一份禮物。現在大家都富貴了,好多細路仔的玩具都多到瀉,新買的玩具很快就玩厭,那會再稀罕聖誕老人的禮物?

對症下藥,克制孩子的物欲乃良策,但家境既已改善,此舉變相刻薄自己,難矣哉。不搭的士搭巴士尚屬小事,但不去旅行勢係假。明明有餘錢可以食好西,但為了令孩子清心寡欲而餐餐滾水烚雞肉,還有何人生樂趣可言?

退而求其次,唯有多點鍛練孩子的體格,為他的生活添上哪怕只是一點點的苦頭。犬兒不足三歲就給我捉去行山,練腳骨力;踩單車,常炒車,我也不替他增添護膝頭盔,以培養他的危機意識;冬天永遠著少一件衫,訓練他的禦寒能力。當然,辛勞過後,我會獎他一杯雪糕,先苦後甜,讓他學懂期待、珍惜期待、享受期待!

沒有期待的童年,還算是童年嗎?

專注力不足與認知訓練系列之二

由於PowerBrainRX「免費」認知能力測試,(留意6歲以上先係),咁梗係又約嚟玩咗。

同類嘅TEST可以喺Cognifit搵到。

報告都講得好details,起碼同我預計嘅近似,佢係聰明轉數好快小朋友,聽覺記憶力更高(都解釋到點解14個月大就可以哼歌仔),但專注力就…


呢幅圖由powerbrain啲小冊子度嚟,專心係學習嘅第一步,好難唔同意。
直到目前呢點,我基本上都係覺得唔買都睇吓,份報告係話到一啲你小朋友嘅能力畀你聽嘅。同埋consultant亦都幾溫柔解釋得幾詳細。當然,佢哋始絡係商業公司,訓練內容要保密,佢都畀咗一個例子我嘅,有啲似你係Lumosity搵到嘅免費遊戲。咁,訂價當然係唔會平,但我問咗好多意見都話每堂幾百至數千元係呢類私營治療嘅門檻。

好,然後,如果真係有留意薯淘同雞嘅朋友,應該知我份人成日寫攻略。我用還原水「醫好咗」我嘅原發性血小板增生,數據正常當好啦吓,實情係少飲水就會上返,反正要keep住check。

於是就去睇一大堆嘢,好很攰,but seems promising!呢個list應該會繼續expand落去~

了解4項專注力
大致係呢啲:
Types of Attention
Sustained attention is the ability to focus on one specific task for a continuous amount of time without being distracted.

Selective attention is the ability to select from many factors or stimuli and to focus on only the one that you want while filtering out other distractions.

Alternating attention is the ability to switch your focus back and forth between tasks that require different cognitive demands.

Divided attention is the ability to process two or more responses or react to two or more different demands simultaneously. Divided attention is often referred to as multi-tasking.

關於 brain / cognitive training 嘅研究時間好短,甚至比還元水仲短。PowerbrainRX套方法係由美國LearningRX為亞洲人,尤其香港學童修改而嚟(因為要寫中文字,難過英文字母好多咁話,背後理據如何,邊個改,點樣改唔知,反正你又搵唔到原本嚟對比架喇。)


我諗呢個viedo大概可以簡介吓brain training係做乜。大概就係好似鍛鍊二頭肌等你肌肉發逹後可以舉重少少嘢一樣,鍛練你個腦相應腦區。香港呢邊consultant話衝動行為,執行能力不足係前額葉嘅觸突呀連結呀發展得唔夠,佢話透過1對1鍛練就可以增加返呢啲觸突同連結。(嗱,你唔需要去做MRI住,反正唔好期望佢哋講嘅嘢係金科玉律,幾權威嘅人都會錯,我唔係SELL你嘢,冇責任幫你check埋真假。)

咁,如果想睇多啲,可以由喼神入手…啩。LearningRX創辦人。
Dr KEN GIBSON


係,上去做TEST,consultant都好樂意免費送呢本書仔,入面有獨立研究報告指出上完LearningRX各方面能力提升3幾年咁話。

另外佢研究所Gibson Institute都有幾十年呢啲research內容summary
例如最新呢篇Jedlicka, E. (2017). LearningRx cognitive training for children and adolescents ages 5-18: Effects on academic skills, behavior, and cognition. Frontiers in Education, 2(62). doi: 10.3389/feduc.2017.00062
重點:梗係話有效,留意湖池係私立,又唔係話排最top果啲學府。

更多關於間公司嘅:
2013年3月31日
LearningRX Insider Secrets: How to Negotiate a Better Price from LearningRX
重點:
According to one LearningRX insider (who’s contributing under the name Former LRX), despite the company’s claims that its programs benefit nearly every student, the LearningRX program “helps some a lot, some a little, and some not at all…”
“LRX gets good results for those students who work hard and stay focused on training, who have fun through the process,” writes Former LRX.
“Signing up is the right answer as long as you do so with your eyes wide open. That’s why I am here, because I don’t think most parents have their eyes wide open.”
雞髀仔去TEST果日就好開心,佢其實只要有奬pocketmon嘢就好開心,成日問我幾時再去上。

員工點睇
重點:似乎員工幾like公司,不單單為錢。

其他關於認知訓練:

Neuroplasticity 神經可塑性(未睇呀)

2013年02月01日
港大參與研究發現「專注力不足/過度活躍症」的非藥物治療療效存疑
http://www.hku.hk/press/c_news_detail_9186.html
重點:冇詳細講係邊種認知訓練嘅內容。

2014年10月20日
A Consensus on the Brain Training Industry from the Scientific Community
針對美國o既brain training industry,實有業者吹到天花龍鳯,所以有堆科學家出嚟插話呢啲嘢冇用架。

2014年12月17日
127 Scientists Challenge the purported brain training consensus released by Stanford Center for Longevity
但好難得嘅係,同年年尾有另外一堆科學家,更確切係neuroscientists神經學科嘅專家出嚟反駁。

The OPEN LETTER
重點:佢哋覺得有得拗,有啲人有得著,唔應該因為業界誇張失實完全否定brain training

Media Guide on LearningRx Settlement with the Federal Trade Commission
重點:FTC曾經告過一堆BRAIN TRAINING SERVICE PROVIDER,而LearningRX搵返位去反駁,講成件事點settle,照計間嘢目前仍然未執笠,即係有理由相係可能work嘅。

D. Expert Validation of LearningRx’s Substantiation
LearningRx’s substantiation has been reviewed by Dr. Howard Wainer, Distinguished Research Scientist with the National Board of Medical Examiners, retired Professor of Statistics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, former Principal Research Scientist with the Educational Testing Service, and author of numerous articles and books on statistics. See Dr. Wainer’s analysis and findings, along with his curriculum vitae. He concludes that:

(1) Research other than RCTs, including powerful observational studies, can and commonly do provide “evidence to estimate causal effect”;

(2) LearningRx’s observational and randomized controlled studies “all support the credibility of the claims made that those trained using the LearningRx approach markedly increased scores on IQ tests and, more particularly, on sub-scores of those tests”;

(3) Randomization was not feasible for the small subgroups, such as TBI, autism, and dyslexia, but “with effects as consistently large as was being observed, the decision to go forward, as was done, was both ethically and scientifically preferable. Within the constraints that exist, therefore, there is convincing evidence supporting the claims of efficacy made.”
In sum, LearningRx’s efficacy claims are well-supported by the pre-post data from the many thousands of students who have completed the program, RCTs, the expert opinion of an eminent statistician, and the scientific literature with regard to the claims of correlation between cognitive ability and academic, financial, and athletic achievement.

佢哋自己做嘅更多independent support (冇人知係咪真係independent)

但brain training只有幾十年,其實佢哋啲研究結果已經比還元水吸引少少,雞髀6歲,等debate到佢7、8十歲?大量testimonial話work,但即使2015年亦繼續有研究話冇乜明顯效果,但依然改善咗working memory:
Cognitive Training for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Meta-Analysis of Clinical and Neuropsychological Outcomes From Randomized Controlled Trials

另,繼續搵落去,更多腦部訓練電腦遊戲推介:

其中呢個耶魯大學研發嘅ACTIVATE™
好似幾吸引,仲繼續研究緊有冇效:
Cognitive computer training in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) versus no intervention: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

咁,其實已經同意雞髀去PowerBrainRX上堂,再睇吓點。問咗會唔會有咩可以喺屋企畀佢做,consultant話唔使,但我笨唔係浪得虛名嘅。
6 Brain Training Exercises for Children and Teens
重點:教家長喺屋企幫吓佢哋,睇落都幾合理。
3. The Concentration Game. Activities to improve memory and concentration are important for all of us! For younger children, you can take a few of their toys and line them up. Then cover them and take one away. See if they can tell you which one is missing. You can also have them try to remember short lists of familiar objects in the home. Try remembering them forward and backward. For older children and teens, try putting random objects in front of them for 15 seconds, then remove the objects and see how many they can remember. Start out with five and keep increasing the number as they master the task. You can also help auditory memory by giving them a random list of numbers or words orally and having them repeat them. Start with only 2 or 3 and work up from there.
對雞髀咁差嘅visual short-term memory好似幾有用,可以試吓。